Sri.K.Kanna Babu, IAS
Commissioner of Fisheries
Department of Fisheries
Andhra Pradesh, Vijayawada,
Bandar Road, Poranki – 521137.
Poonam Malakondaiah, I.A.S
Special Chief Secretary
Dairy Development & Fisheries
AP Secretariat, Velagapudi,
Fisheries Department activities
- The AP Govt. has identified the Fisheries sector as one of the Growth Engines for achieving double digit inclusive growth of the Sun rise State of Andhra Pradesh.
- Andhra Pradesh state is blessed with potential and diversified water resources with 974 kms of coastline, 33,227 kms of continental shelf area, 555 marine fishermen villages, 2 Fishing Harbours, 350 Fish landing Centres, 31,147 fishing crafts, 65 cold storages, 64 processing plants, 235 Ice plants, 28 feed mills, 357 hatcheries and 234 Aqualabs.
- There is potential of 1.74 lakh hectares of brackish water area and about 8 lakh hectares of freshwater resources.
- The AP State stood first in the country in the fisheries sector both in terms of total fish and prawn production and total value of fish products. The contribution of fisheries sector to State GSDP is 7.40 %
- The sector is providing employment opportunities to nearly 14.5 lakh people directly and indirectly in the state.
- The Fish Production increased from 19.64 Lakh Tonnes in 2014-15 to 34.49 Lakh Tonnes in 2017-18 with average annual growth rate of 19%.
- The Gross Value Addition (GVA) from fisheries increased from Rs.17621 Crores in 2014-15 to Rs.41328 Crores in 2017-18 with average annual growth rate of 33.5% (constant prices)
- The marine products exports value from State increased from Rs.15000 Crores in 2014-15 to Rs.25000 Crores in 2017-18 with average growth rate of 21%.
- The Aquaculture area in State increased from 1.40 lakh hectares in 2014-15 to about 2.00 lakh hectares in 2017-18. The State stands First in Aquaculture area and Production
- The growth rate during the year 2017-18 was 24.7% on Production and 33.32% on GVA (constant prices)
- During 2018-19, it is targeted to produce 44.85 lakh tonnes with GVA of Rs. 52,832 Crore (constant prices) with growth rate of 30.02% on production and 30.26% on GVA (constant prices).
- In 1st quarter during the current year, 12.95 lakh tonnes of fish and prawn production with GVA of Rs. 14708 crores (constant prices) was achieved during the year 2018-19.
- The Growth rate during 1st quarter of 2018-19on production is 12.39% and 14.00% on GVA (constant prices)
- AP Government have announced AP Fisheries Policy 2015 envisaging various incentives and subsidies with a vision to make Andhra Pradesh as Aqua hub of world. Important of them are
- For shrimp processing units including cold chain maintenance, Capital subsidy of 50% inclusive of land cost with upper ceiling limit of Rs.5 crores, will be provided.
- For fish processing / filleting units including cold chain, land cost etc., subsidy of 50% with upper ceiling limit of Rs. 7 crores will be provided.
- Interest subvention of 6% will be provided on bank loan subject to maximum of Rs.2.5 Crores for 5 year period to aqua processing units, ice plants and cold storages
- For Reefer vans, a subsidy of 50% with maximum of Rs. 10.00 Lakhs per vehicle.
- Power will be supplied to Shrimp and Prawn culture farms at Rs.3.75 ps/ unit. (On 26-5-2018 the Hon'ble CM, Govt of A.P. announced that, the power will be supplied at Rs.2.00ps/unit for a period of One year)
- Financial assistance will be extended for farm mechanization like pumps and aerators with 50% subsidy.
- Solar pumps, solar lights and solar based aerators will be given on 60% subsidy to the prawn and shrimp farms up to maximum of 2 ha per farmer per annum.
I. Adapting the following strategies for Development of Fisheries Sector:
a.Inland Fisheries Sector:
- Seed stocking will be done in all potential water bodies
- Captive Seed Nurseries for quality seed supply
- Fish landing Centres at Reservoirs to reduce post harvest losses
- Enhancing Production and Productivity through selective breeding and quality seed supply
- Capacity Building to fishers and aqua farmers on BMPs
- All benefits seeded with Jandhan, Aadhar and Mobile Number for Direct Benefit Transfer
- Association with Tata Trust in Mission Fingerling programme
b.Marine Fisheries Sector
- Providing marine infrastructure in landing centres to avoid post harvest losses.
- Arrangement of digital display boards in landing centres for dissemination of weather and PFZ information.
- Coastal security through boats registration, colour coding & biometric cards
- Sea – weed culture for enhanced livelihoods
- Open Sea cage culture for boosting the production from coastal waters
- Promotion of deep sea fishing for exploitation of Tuna fishery
- Ban period in marine fisheries for conservation of resources
- Capacity building to coastal fishers on Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and Post harvest technology
- Establishment of AQF & BMC for P. vannamei, Hatcheries for Mud crab & Sea bass
- Inspection of shrimp hatcheries & Aqua Shops
- Aquaculture zonation
- Networking of Aqua labs
- On-farm Demonstration of BMPs & Innovative culture practices in 181 Aqua clusters (Chandranna Aqua Rythu Kshetralu)
- Registration of coastal Aquaculture & fresh water Aquaculture to reach 100% saturation.
- Guidelines for Inland Shrimp Naupilii / larval rearing centers
- Domestic Market promotion through retail outlets, modern fish markets and Kiosks
- Establishment of Post harvest infrastructure facilities like Ice plants, Fish landing centres, provision of processing facilities
- ICT based marketing intelligence
- Supply of cycles, 2/3/4 wheelers with vending box, fish transport van for SC/ST fishers involved in fish marketing
- Promoting per capita fish consumption through promotion of fish value added products,
- Promoting MUDRA loans tie up for fishers
- Capacity building and training for fishers in marketing
- Observation of Swach Pakhwada in fish markets
- Establishment of Fish Landing Centres, Fishing harbours, and shore based facilities for safe berthing and hygienic handling of fish
- Desilting and de-weeding of drains and creeks for enhancing the productivity in aquaculture and hassle free passage for fishing boats.
- Power lines to farm ponds
II. Best Practices adopted:
- Simplifying the procedures for registration of farms,
- Ensuring disease free seed supply to farmers,
- Strict compliance with biosecurity measures,
- Continuous awareness campaign at primary producer level through Cluster approach
- Database & information networks to collect, share and disseminate data
- Disease Surveillance by establishing disease diagnostic labs static & mobile.
- Use of Two Stage (Nursery and grow-out phases) culture practice which is more efficient and cost effective.
- Zero water exchange(only topping up) – Biofloc Technology
- Sludge pit for shrimp faeces removal
- Record Keeping and usage of antibiotic free inputs
- Promotion of Pond automation and ICT technologies
- On line registration of Aquaculture farms
- Permitting Aquaculture in DKT lands
- The relief through DBT during marine fishing ban period is provided to 80000 seagoing marine fishers at Rs.4000/- per fisher. (Before 2014, only 31 kgs of Rice per family was distributed)
- All the existing registered marine motorised and mechanised fishing craft of about 17000 Nos. are provided with diesel oil on subsidy (at Rs.6.03 per litre) with a total financial allocation of Rs.57.28 crores. (Earlier the subsidized diesel oil wad supplier to only about 1000 crafts)
IV. Bench Mark Indicators of AP among Southern States & Nation:
- First in total fish production and value in the country
- First in Aquaculture area and Production
- First in Inland fish Production
- Fourth in marine fish production
- Highest growth achieved in fisheries sector among States in India.
- Contributes 22 % of total fish production and 70% of Shrimp Production in India
- Major Exporter of Shrimp in India,